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Climate Central


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Geography, Mathematics, World Languages, Spanish

Resource Types

  • Data
  • Interactive Media

Regional Focus


Average Summer Temperature

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  • This interactive resource details the rise in average summer temperatures for many American cities, providing a graph of the data over time. 
  • Students are able to choose a state and city, then download the graph. 
Teaching Tips


  • The graphs can be downloaded in English and Spanish.
  • The data is available from several cities in each state, making this resource engaging for students and providing local information. 

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should be comfortable reading line graphs. 


  • This resource would work equally well in science classes working on the effects of climate change on urban envionrments or social studies classes working on how geography and climate are related.
  • Cross-curricular connections can be made in health classes discussing how to stay healthy amidst rising temperatures. 
  • This resource would be a great data tool for reporting how the climate is changing in different ways in various cities, which could be applied to engineering or civics classes.
  • Students can download a graph to add to a document where they describe what they learned from the graph and what this warming could mean for that city.
Scientist Notes
This resource underscores summer temperatures above normal values in US cities from 1970-2021. Over 94% of 246 US cities are now experiencing temperature anomalies during summer periods. This resource is insightful and ideal for teaching.
  • Mathematics
    • Algebraic Reasoning: Functions (8-12)
      • HS.AFN.A.3 Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function over a specified interval.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • 6.ESS3.5 Ask clarifying questions based on evidence about the factors that have caused climate change over the past century.
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