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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences, Economics, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus


Change in Per Capita CO2 Emissions and GDP

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  • This interactive graph and table allows students to explore the change in consumption-based CO2 emissions per capita, production-based CO2 emissions per capita, and GDP per capita.
  • The data begin in 1990 and account for the imports and exports of each country.
  • Students can select the time frame and countries they are interested in researching.
Teaching Tips


  • The table and chart are easy to use and are downloadable.
  • It clearly presents economic information related to greenhouse gas emissions.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students will need to be familiar with the terms GDP (Gross Domestic Product), consumption, production, imports, and exports.


  • Cross-curricular connections could be made with social studies classes when discussing the reasons for the changes in imports and exports observed in different countries and some of the underlying reasons for those changes.
  • Economics classes can use this resource to see where development accelerated the fastest and if that correlates to higher emissions per capita.
  • Math classes could incorporate the data table and chart into lessons on relative change and percentages.
  • Have students research the top climate solutions and relate them to the graphs in this resource.
Scientist Notes

The resource explores the relative change in CO2 emissions per capita using a conversion factor of 3.664. Global emissions and national emissions have been calculated to show actual per capita emissions from the selected countries. This is in relation with the GDP and PPP expressed in US $. This method will allow students to know if a country is a net importer or exporter of CO2. Resource is recommended

  • Mathematics
    • Data Reasoning and Probability (9-12)
      • HS.DR.A.4 Use mathematical and statistical reasoning to formulate questions about data to evaluate conclusions and assess risks.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • 6.ESS3.3 Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.
      • 8.ESS3.4 Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.
  • Social Sciences
    • Economics (K-8)
      • 7.8 Examine how economic decisions affect the well-being of individuals, businesses, and society.
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