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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences, Economics, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

CO2 Emissions Embedded in Trade

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  • This interactive resource lets students explore a map, chart, and data table of the CO2 emissions of various countries that are embedded in trade.
  • The data goes back to 1990 and all resources can be customized and downloaded.
Teaching Tips


  • This resource is easy to use and allows students to explore specific countries or continents.
  • The color coding makes the graphs easy to see and the graphs can be downloaded as images.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should be familiar with the terms import, export, and trade.
  • Students should know how to read a line graph and a world map.


  • Connections can be made with social studies, economics, or geography classes when discussing the availability of natural resources in different countries, the impacts of trade on resource exploitation rates and local populations, and other costs of global trade.
  • Economics or social studies classes can use this data to discuss the benefits and drawbacks of globalization, development, and population growth.
  • This does not take into account other greenhouse gasses, so it might be interesting for students to also look at total greenhouse gas emissions for various countries using this data explorer.
Scientist Notes

This resource explores the share of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions embedded in trade, measured as emissions. It will provide insights on countries who are net exporters or importers of CO2 emissions equivalent to their domestic emissions adjusted for trade. Methods used in quantifying the datasets are appropriate and the resource is recommended for teaching.

  • Mathematics
    • Data Reasoning and Probability (9-12)
      • HS.DR.A.4 Use mathematical and statistical reasoning to formulate questions about data to evaluate conclusions and assess risks.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS.ESS3.4 Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
  • Social Sciences
    • Geography (K-12)
      • HS.44 Assess how changes in the environmental and cultural characteristics of a place or region influence spatial patterns of trade, land use, and issues of sustainability.
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