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Paleontological Research Institution


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Biology, Earth and Space Sciences, Mathematics

Regional Focus



YouTube Video

Earth's Temperature Over Time

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  • This short video uses graphs of global temperature over various time scales to show the changes in the Earth's rate of warming at different times in Earth's history. 
  • The studies used to illustrate this change use data from fossils, Antarctic ice cores, measurements from satellites, and predictive models. 
Teaching Tips


  • The information comes from a variety of scientific articles that are cited throughout and at the end of the video.
  • Scientific and mathematical terms are explained in parentheses throughout the video. 

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should be comfortable reading and interpreting graphs.
  • It may help to pause the video for each graph and description so students have time to read the statements.


Scientist Notes
This 3-minute video presents reconstructions of Earth's historical temperature record ranging from hundreds of millions of years ago to the past 140 years and presents short descriptions and citations for the reconstructions. This resource is recommended for teaching.
  • Science
    • ESS2: Earth's Systems
      • HS.ESS2.2 Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • 6.ESS3.5 Ask clarifying questions based on evidence about the factors that have caused climate change over the past century.
      • HS.ESS3.5 Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth’s systems.
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