Water is an essential element in the climate system especially as a heat regulator between the earth-ocean-atmospheric interface. The resource experiments the differences in heat capacity between air and water and concludes that water is significantly a better heat regulator and can absorb more heat than air. This resource is recommended for teaching.
PS1: Matter and Its Interactions
HS.PS1.5 Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide an explanation about the effects of changing the temperature or concentration of the reacting particles on the rate at which a reaction occurs.
6.PS3.4 Plan an investigation to determine the relationships among the energy transferred, the type of matter, the mass, and the change in the average kinetic energy of the particles as measured by the temperature of the sample.