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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Economics, Civics, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Data

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Global Fossil Fuel Consumption

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  • This resource includes an interactive map and graphs that show global primary energy consumption by fossil fuel source, measured in Terawatt-hours.
  • This dataset includes primary energy data using two methodologies:
    • "Direct" primary energy, which does not take account of the inefficiencies in fossil fuel production.
    • "Substitution" primary energy, which does take account of inefficiencies in fossil fuel production.
Teaching Tips


  • The interactive provides three different ways for students to explore data (chart, map, table).
  • Related research and data are linked.
  • The site explains how the data was collected.
Additional Prerequisites
  • Learners need to be familiar with the different sources of electricity.
  • Educator would need time to get familiar with this interactive media and decide on how to implement it with the learners.
  • There are other related interactive maps for other sources of energy. 
  • Can be used to create awareness about one or more of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Scientist Notes

Fossil fuel consumption is shown to be increasing from 1985-2020 globally. This resource is recommended for students to explore the rate of consumption of energy from nonrenewable energy sources.

  • Mathematics
    • Data Reasoning and Probability (9-12)
      • HS.DR.A.4 Use mathematical and statistical reasoning to formulate questions about data to evaluate conclusions and assess risks.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • 6.ESS3.5 Ask clarifying questions based on evidence about the factors that have caused climate change over the past century.
  • Social Sciences
    • Social Science Analysis (K-12)
      • 8.34 Analyze how a specific problem can manifest itself at local, regional, and global levels over time, identifying its characteristics and causes, and the challenges and opportunities faced by those trying to address the problem.
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