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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus


Per Capita CO2 Emissions by Fuel Type (Single Country)

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  • In this interactive bar chart and data table, students can explore CO2 emissions by fuel type globally or filtered by country or continent.
  • The resource shows emissions from oil, coal, flaring, gas, cement, and other sources.
  • Resource can also be viewed as a stacked area chart or line chart.
Teaching Tips


  • This resource provides a large amount of information that can be customized and downloaded.
  • The charts are easy to read, and the data table can be sorted.
  • The information is playable in a time-lapse line chart, which gives a good indication of the speed of emissions from the Industrial Revolution.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should know how to read charts and tables.
  • Students may need more information on flaring. Flaring is burning off a byproduct of gas and oil when extracting oil.


  • This is an ideal resource to use in Earth science classes when learning about types of fossil fuels and their varied environmental impact.
  • Cross-curricular connections can be made with social studies courses by exploring the cultural, economic, or historical factors that affect what fuel sources and how much fuel a country uses.
  • Students can pick a country, look at the data, and present how their country's CO2 emissions by fuel type have changed over time. Students could also work collaboratively on this.
Scientist Notes

The method used in estimating per capita CO2 emissions at a country level is appropriate. Each of the fuel types (gas, coal, oil, flaring, etc.) was evaluated. Students have the option to investigate their preferred fuel type to gain insights into the emissions pattern. Above all, this resource is recommended for teaching.

  • Mathematics
    • Data Reasoning and Probability (9-12)
      • HS.DR.A.4 Use mathematical and statistical reasoning to formulate questions about data to evaluate conclusions and assess risks.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • 8.ESS3.4 Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.
      • HS.ESS3.2 Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
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