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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Per Capita CO2 Emissions from Cement

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  • This interactive resource allows students to explore the per capita carbon dioxide emissions from cement production for any country, with some data going back to 1750.
  • The graphs can be customized and downloaded.
Teaching Tips


  • This resource helps students visualize the data with colorful graphs and maps.
  • Students may not know that making cement produces greenhouse gases, so this could be enlightening.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should know how to read a line graph and a global map.
  • Students may need some background information about carbon dioxide and the greenhouse effect.


  • Connections can be made with geography or economics classes that are studying globalization and the effects of development on resource use and industrial pollution.
  • Chemistry classes can use this resource to connect chemical reactions and greenhouse gases with global issues and topics.
  • Math classes could use the downloadable data to perform statistical analysis or practice graphing.
  • Biology classes could use this resource to connect human activities with the greenhouse effect and the carbon cycle.

Scientist Notes

This resource examines per capita CO2 emissions from cement production normalized with a conversion factor of 3.664. The method used is appropriate. However, students can explore this resource to gain knowledge on countries with net importers and exporters of CO2 emissions from cement production. The resource is recommended for teaching.

  • Mathematics
    • Data Reasoning and Probability (9-12)
      • HS.DR.A.4 Use mathematical and statistical reasoning to formulate questions about data to evaluate conclusions and assess risks.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS.ESS3.6 Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity (i.e., climate change).
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