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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Share of Primary Energy from Wind

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  • This resource includes an interactive map and graphs that show the share of primary energy from wind for countries around the world. The dataset begins in 1965. 
  • Primary energy is calculated using the "substitution method" which accounts for the inefficiencies in energy production from fossil fuels.
Teaching Tips


  • The interactive provides three different ways for students to explore data (chart, map, table).
  • Students may choose to view datasets for various geographic locations and time periods.
  • Related research and data are linked.
  • The site explains how the data was collected.

Additional Prerequisites

  • There are multiple layers of data to explore and navigate. Teachers should familiarize themselves with the various capabilities of the interactive.
  • Students may need to be provided with clear instructions as to which dataset they should explore and interact with.


  • This interactive could be used in a geography class as students explore energy use in different geographic regions. They could also infer possible causes of high or low wind energy use over time and in different parts of the world through a variety of lenses such as science and economics.
  • This interactive also lends itself to exploring ratios and percentages, so it could be used during math lessons.
Scientist Notes

The resource visualizes relative share of energy production from wind source in different countries. OWID has not yet collected wind source data in some African countries where wind farms are built to produce energy. However, datasets have been properly standardized and this resource are suitable for teaching.

  • Mathematics
    • Algebraic Reasoning: Expressions and Equations (6-12)
      • 8.AEE.B.5 Graph proportional relationships in authentic contexts. Interpret the unit rate as the slope of the graph and compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways.
    • Data Reasoning and Probability (9-12)
      • HS.DR.A.4 Use mathematical and statistical reasoning to formulate questions about data to evaluate conclusions and assess risks.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • 6.ESS3.5 Ask clarifying questions based on evidence about the factors that have caused climate change over the past century.
  • Social Sciences
    • Geography (K-12)
      • HS.40 Use geographic data to analyze the interconnectedness of physical and human regional systems (such as a river valley and culture, water rights/use in regions, choice/impact of settlement locations) and their interconnectedness to global communities.
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