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Robert I. McDonald, Tanushree Biswas


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Social Studies, Biology, Earth and Space Sciences, Civics

Resource Type

  • Scientific Papers or Reports

Regional Focus

North America, United States

The Tree Cover and Temperature Disparity in US Urbanized Areas: Quantifying the Association with Income Across 5,723 Communities

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  • This scientific paper presents original research on the connections between tree cover and other variables in various urban locations around the United States.
  • Students will learn about the significant correlations that exist between tree cover and summer temperatures, population density, income level, and race/ethnicity.
Teaching Tips


  • Students will learn about the tree disparity that exists between wealthy white communities and lower-income non-white communities.
  • The paper includes maps, graphs, and data tables. 

Additional Prerequisites

  • It would be beneficial for students to understand the process of writing a scientific paper and applying the scientific method.
  • Background experience reading scientific papers would be helpful.


  • Cross-curricular connections could be made with social studies, biology, history, geography, math, and economics.
  • Statistics classes could read the statistical analysis section of the paper to see how statistics can be used in scientific papers.
Scientist Notes
This resource will deepen students' understanding of tree disparity among the low-income and high-income population blocks in the USA, especially in the northeastern part of the USA where the population is disproportionately impacted by climate change impact due to increased deforestation. The resource is suitable, valid, and recommended for teaching.
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