This timeline traces the history of the United Nations climate change agreements, protocols, and accords from 1992 to the present.
Students will learn how the UN Convention on Climate Change established the Conference of Parties (COP) as a way for countries to discuss climate change.
Links to the Kyoto Protocol, the Paris Agreement, articles, and reports provide students with more information on the United Nations climate talks.
This is a valuable resource for understanding the history of climate action within the United Nations.
Students will learn that it takes time and effort to come to an international agreement.
The timeline features helpful links throughout.
The timeline does not feature updates from every single year from 1992 to the present.
Model UN clubs or government classes could use this timeline to see how international and local commitment to climate change action has changed over the last three decades.
Science classes could discuss the role that science data plays in COP meetings.
Other resources on this topic include this climate action tracker that shows which countries are meeting their emissions targets, this climate solutions simulator that shows the impacts of greenhouse gas emissions by country, and this article on international opinions on climate change.
This resource highlights the history of COP meetings from 1992 to the present. It records the disappointments and also successes achieved during this global meeting. This will be insightful for students to have a background on climate negotiations and policies that are influencing global climate actions. This is recommended for teaching.
ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
6.ESS3.5 Ask clarifying questions based on evidence about the factors that have caused climate change over the past century.
Civics and Government (K-12)
6.3 Examine the origins, purposes, and impact of constitutions, laws, treaties, and international agreements.
HS.7 Evaluate the relationships among governments at the local, state, tribal, national, and global levels.
Historical Thinking (K-12)
6.23 Explain and analyze the historical context of key people, cultures, products, events, and ideas over time including the examination of different perspectives from Indigenous people, ethnic and religious groups, and other traditionally marginalized groups throughout the Western Hemisphere.