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Ayana Elizabeth Johnson, Megan Davis


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Chemistry, Biology

Resource Types

  • Videos, 4 minutes, 31 seconds, CC, Subtitles
  • Interactive Media
  • Articles and Websites
  • Assessments

Regional Focus


Underwater Farms vs. Climate Change

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  • This video explains how farmers are using aquaculture to fulfill the global demand for seafood. 
  • Students will learn that aquaculture often leads to problems in the ocean such as concentrated animal waste, invasive species escaping enclosures, coastal ecosystem conversion, and crowded conditions for animals. 
  • The video also presents the benefits of inland aquaculture and solutions to make the process more sustainable. 
Teaching Tips


  • The animations effectively visualize the various complex aquaculture systems discussed.
  • This resource includes multiple-choice questions, a discussion board, and additional resources to form a comprehensive lesson on aquaculture.
  • Students will learn that cultivating organisms lower in the aquatic food chain, such as shellfish and seaweed, results in a lower carbon footprint. 

Additional Prerequisites

  • Teachers and students must create a free account to answer the questions in the Think and Discuss sections.


  • This video could serve as a nice introduction to innovative agriculture solutions or food sustainability. 
  • Ethics classes could discuss ways that industrial methods have replaced traditional methods. Students could list the pros and cons of the old and new methods.

Scientist Notes
The resource underscores the application of restorative ocean fishing techniques to combat climate change, improve human lives, sustain fishing livelihoods, and conserve ocean resources and ecosystems. This is recommended for teaching.
  • English Language Arts
    • Speaking & Listening (K-12)
      • 7.SL.2 Analyze the main ideas and supporting details presented in diverse media and formats and explain how the ideas clarify a topic, text, or issue under study.
  • Science
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • 8.ESS3.4 Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.
      • HS.ESS3.3 Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among the management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
    • LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
      • HS.LS2.5 Develop a model to illustrate the role of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in the cycling of carbon among the biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere.
      • HS.LS2.6 Evaluate claims, evidence, and reasoning that the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain relatively consistent numbers and types of organisms in stable conditions, but changing conditions may result in a new ecosystem.
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