Energy conservation, more efficient appliances and electronics, and reducing energy waste are HUGE opportunities to reduce the amount of electricity needed in the first place, which can be explored.
This resource is a 7-minute video that outlines a major issue with ramping up clean energy within the U.S.. Currently, there are not enough transmission lines to get the energy from where it could be produced to where it will be used. This resource describes the infrastructure challenges that will need to be overcome over the next years and decades. This resource is recommended for teaching.
ETS1: Engineering Design
HS.ETS1.3 Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
Economics: Microeconomics/Decision-Making (9-12)
HS.13 Analyze how incentives influence choices that may result in policies with a range of costs and benefits for different groups.