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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Year-to-Year Change in Primary Energy Consumption by Source

Ask a Question

  • This resource includes an interactive chart and an interactive table through which students can examine the year-to-year change (beginning with data from 1965) in primary energy consumption by source for countries around the world.
  • In this resource 'primary energy’ refers to energy in its raw form before conversion into electricity, heat, or transport fuels.
Teaching Tips


  • The interactive provides two different ways for students to explore data (chart and table).
  • Students may choose to view datasets for various geographic locations and time periods.
  • Related research and data are linked.
  • The site explains how the data was collected.

Additional Prerequisites

  • There are multiple layers of data to explore and navigate. Teachers should familiarize themselves with the various capabilities of the interactive.
  • Students may need to be provided with clear instructions as to which dataset they should explore and interact with.


  • This interactive could be used in a geography class as students explore energy use in different geographic regions or in a history course as students explore how energy consumption has changed over time. 
  • This interactive also lends itself to exploring ratios and percentages, so it could be used during math lessons.

Scientist Notes

This resource provides specific data on energy consumption by source. Students can navigate to understand the actual consumption level relative to each country. The datasets were approximated to a final energy consumption output. The resource is valid and recommended for teaching.

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